The first line of treatment is medication. There are many anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs) available to treat epilepsy. A small majority of people with epilepsy will find their seizures controlled by medication, though many will require more than one drug. The goal of treatment with medication is complete seizure control with as few medications and side effects as possible.
The most common side effects associated with epilepsy medicines are: drowsiness, irritability, nausea, rash, and clumsiness. Some drugs produce changes in emotions, memory or behavior, or affect learning. In many cases, side effects occur at the beginning of treatment and may become less troublesome or even disappear as the body adjusts. Starting out at high doses may also increase side effects; therefore, most epilepsy drugs are usually started at gradually increasing doses.
It is crtically important to take epilepsy medications in the dose and at the times prescribed. Blood levels of medications are important with many epilepsy drugs. If the levels are too low, the medication will be ineffective. If it is too high, toxic side-effects can result. Your doctor may order blood tests to check the level of medication in your blood. Learn more about epilepsy medications.
Herbal supplements can be dangerous for people with seizures. It is important that you tell your doctor about all the prescription, over-the-counter, and herbal substances that you are taking.